GSD Course Bulletin - Fall 2011
This term's information was last refreshed on 12 MAY 2015 14:52:56.
Courses taught by Jose Castillo
01505: Mexico City and the Production of Housing (STU 0150500)
Urban Planning and Design
Option Studio - 8 credits - Limited enrollment
Wednesday Friday 2:00 - 6:00
Introduction: Mexico City is one of the most dynamic and complex metropolitan areas in the world today. With over 20.1 million inhabitants, remarkable urban growth, an active, yet dual economy and a palimpsest of material histories centuries-old, it is quite a case study for architecture and urban planning today. The fact that the city grows by more than 160,000 people every year represents a huge urban challenge for the production of housing, infrastructure and services.With an important housing deficit, Mexico City will keep building close to a 100,000 units of housing every year, almost half of those produced through the informal sector and self-built processes. In the past fifteen years, the bulk of housing production has taken place in the peripheries of the city, manifested in a low-rise, low-density, mono-use carpet of single-family housing.In recent years, an effort by government authorities has been made to transform the paradigm of housing through the promotion of DUIS (integrated Sustainable Urban Developments). This incentive-based certification system, based on the notion of developing sustainable urban environments and not just housing, has yet to produce its first inner-city project. Mexico City has a history of massive housing projects.
This studio will critically reassess the notion of large-scale developments and their relationship with the city. The guiding premise is that innovation in our approach towards density, land use, transportation, size of lots and scale of projects, flexibility, construction, domestic space as well as social engagement can produce not only better housing but also a different urbanity and performance that addresses the new social, economic, ecological and programmatic imperatives of the contemporary city.Taking our cues from a series of innovative experiments that range from Previ in Peru to Elemental in Chile, as well as from recent urban housing projects in Europe and Asia, the studio will establish new protocols for the production of housing in Mexico City. The studio is interested in finding not only what is unique or relevant to housing in Mexico City today, but also how these issues build up knowledge about cities in general and the architectural practice in particular. The studio will actively interact with local government institutions, developers and architects engaged in the policy, planning and design of housing in the city. We will deal with the multiple planning, urban design and architecture scales so participation from students from all departments is desired.
Methodology: The Mexico City Housing Studio is based on a collaborative approach of addressing the problems of contemporary urban housing by involving, in the process of teaching and learning, the multiple stakeholders in the production of housing. The purpose of the studio is to explore the challenges and opportunities of producing new large-scale projects of urban housing through the territorial densification of central areas of Mexico City and to innovate in the planning, the policies and the design aspects of housing. The studio hopes to discover ways to overcome the current obstacles for redensification and to provide a discussion platform for a wide range of ideas with different consequences and usefulness for authorities, developers and designers engaged in the production of housing.
Structure of the course: During the first stage of the studio, the students and will research a number of housing case studies where there has been innovation in policies, in urban strategies, in architectural design and in sustainability approaches, both in historical and contemporary projects in different parts of the world.
05210: Cities by Design I (SES 0521000)
Urban Planning and Design
Lecture - 4 credits
Tuesday Thursday 10:00 - 11:30 Gund - Piper
THE FIRST CLASS FOR CITIES BY DESIGN WILL BE TUESDAY 6 SEP.
No Prerequisites; Course is required of all entering MAUD students.'Cities by Design' is a year-long course that studies urban form. Each semester, 'Cities by Design' will explore five urban case studies to expose students to a range of factors that affect the design of contemporary cities in various geographical contexts. The case studies will focus on both the urban condition as a whole by exploring processes of urban evolution, and on the study of urban fragments or projects. Each case study will be taught during a two-week module, comprised of four lectures and one discussion section. Term grades will be based on attendance and participation in both lectures and sections, biweekly response papers based on assigned readings, and a final term paper. Two main pedagogical objectives guide the course. The course will allow students to establish a broader definition of the 'urban,' forging commonalities amongst a diversity of cities. It will also provide the historical and comparative material to identify the urban characteristics and design strategies that render particular cities distinct. Comparative analyses of the urban case studies will be guided by the following eight themes, which will be explored through the lectures, section discussions, and assigned readings: 1.The city's genealogy and key historical events, phases of development, & patterns of growth2.The ways in which the terrain, geography, and infrastructural development constrain and present opportunities for the city's development and ambitions 3.The city's planning and design culture and decision-making institutions 4.The challenges that social equity present to planning and design in the city5.The orchestration of the city's relationship to the broader region 6.How the particular city contributes to a definition of the 'urban' condition7.The framing and design of key urban projects/ case studies 8.The city's planning institutions, historical conditions, urban forms, or ambitions, etc. that have contributed to its iconicity in a global context