Leichtbau Studio

Pedagogic ObjectivesThe \'Leichtbau Studio\' introduces students into a combination of architectural approach and engineering strategy. The aim not only is to develop conceptual methods, but also to make use of structural analysis and material sciences. Based on an interdisciplinary approach the studio deals with the conceptual and integrated development of building structures. From a single detail to the final building, the focus is on optimizing both form and structure with regard to material and energy input, durability, reliability, environmental sustainability and reusability.In the context of this exercise students are to learn how to apply the basic design principles of lightweight structures. These principles are: (1) Use of light materials (such as aluminum or titanium) (2) Focus on structural aspects (such as topology and the load path)(3) Concentration on system level (such as the use of multifunctional elements)These design principles can be used individually or in combination with each other.Course DescriptionThe White Turf in St. Moritz is one of the top high-society events in Europe\'s winter season. It combines contemporary art, entertainment, and – with its international horse races – an attractive sports program. The White Turf offers a multitude of spectacular events which all take place on the frozen lake of St. Moritz.Horse racing, polo on snow, greyhound races, cricket on ice and other events turn the Lake of St. Moritz into a virtual sports arena surrounded by magnificent mountain scenery. The unique ambiance of the White Turf attracts an international audience with guests from politics, economy, media and culture.Probably one of the most breath-taking events of the White Turf is Skikjoring – a term derived from the Norwegian \”snorekjoring\” (driving with ropes). This is a horse race on snow-covered ice – with no riders on the backs of the horses, but with skiers in tow instead. In order to master a 3,000 yd long course with a flurry of snow raining down on all sides and with speeds reaching up to 30 miles per hour, considerable amounts of strength, athleticism, balance, instinct and toughness are required.Students are to develop a sophisticated lightweight structure that reflects the flair of the White Turf and lives up to the expectations of the guests. The structure is to provide a temporary venue where culinary highlights can be served while people enjoy art exhibits and sport events. The building site is on frozen Lake of St. Moritz, with the ice having an average thickness of 23\”.The temporary structure must provide space for 100 people (seated), service staff, performance stage, and a bar area. It is to be located close to the main stand of the White Turf. The structure has to be lightweight, mountable and demountable in a short period of time, and fully recyclable. It should also reflect the pioneering spirit of Skikjoring.Trimming the structure to a minimal use of material allows it to be safely placed on the frozen lake of St. Moritz. However, this is not the only reason why it should be designed as a lightweight structure. Mastering a minimal use of material is also an ecological issue.Studio Website and TAYou will find the studio website by logging onto MyGSD. Some readings have been placed in Loeb library. Digital documents will be posted on this website, including data for the St. Moritz site. Suggested readings will also be posted here as well as a forum to discuss and coordinate some of your work-in-progress. The teaching assistant for the course is Mr Timo Schmidt. His e-mail is timoschmidt@gmx.de. Studio Schedule Monday, 29 January 2007: lottery day / presentation of studio by Werner SobekTuesday, 30 January 2007: meeting with teaching assistant<br