This lecture/workshop course studies and analyzes processes and expressions of power in urban form and design in the built North American environment. Focusing on the subjects of identity and difference that underlie measures of spatial intervention across history, this course surveys historic and contemporary precedents where cultural conflict has emerged from both intended and unintended regulatory and spatial patterns of exclusion:
1) expressions of power represented by racial zoning ordinances and their transfer to the creation of historic districts and the subsequent impact on housing production and affordability;
2) exclusionary amenities that manifest intended orders: land trusts, historic districts, gated communities and places of commerce;
3) rare places where civility prevails that are a respite from prevailing urban tensions.
A key part of the inquiry will be group research projects examining cities where the history of cultural conflict and the spatial patterns of exclusion aimed at suppressing racial, ethnic, economic and religious differences have left an indelible imprint on the material character of the city:
1) Portland, OR: “the whitest city”—76% white; urban growth boundary; contemporary crises of homelessness, affordability and equity that also embody a history of exclusionary practices against ethnic groups, Asians, African Americans and Native Americans;
2) Miami, FL: “a multi-cultural identity city”—more than 50% of the population is foreign born; climate change, sea-level rise;
3) Flushing, NY: “a religious pluralism city”—more than 200 churches; 69% Asian population.
The course will develop cognitive methodologies (ways of thinking), research methodologies (familiarity with original historical sources and databases) and analytical means (modes of interpretation) associated with places where power and politics play critical and often undisclosed influence in shaping the built environment.
The intention is to foster an understanding of place-based urban ethics and political awareness that is applicable to different parts of the built world leading to a broader understanding of the dimensions of the cultural ecology of a place over time
Fulfills a Critical Conservation requirement. No pre- requisites