Primary Books

Forman, R. T. T., ed.  1979.  Pine Barrens: Ecosystem and Landscape.  Academic Press, New York.  601 pp.  [1998 edition, Rutgers University Press].

Forman, R. T. T. and M. Godron.  1986.  Landscape Ecology.  John Wiley, New York. 619 pp.  [1990, 1994 Chinese editions; 1993 Czech edition].

Zonneveld, I. S. and R. T. T. Forman, eds.  1990.  Changing Landscapes: An Ecological Perspective.  Springer-Verlag, New York.  286 pp.

Forman, R. T. T.  1995.  Land Mosaics: The Ecology of Landscapes and Regions.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New York.  632 pp.  [2000 Korean edition (2002 paperback)].

Dramstad, W., J. D. Olson, and R. T. T. Forman.  1996.  Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning.   Published by Harvard University Graduate School of Design, American Society of Landscape Architects, and Island Press, Washington, D.C.  80 pp.  [2005 Spanish edition; 2006 Chinese edition; 2008 Farsi edition].

Forman, R. T. T., D. Sperling, J. A. Bissonette, A. P. Clevenger, C. D. Cutshall, V. H. Dale, L. Fahrig, R. France, C. R. Goldman, K. Heanue, J. A. Jones, F. J. Swanson, T. Turrentine, and T. C. Winter.  2003.  Road Ecology: Science and Solutions.  Island Press, Washington, D. C.  481 pp.  [2008 Chinese edition].

Forman, R. T. T.  2004.  Mosaico territorial para la region metropolitana de Barcelona.   (Land Mosaic for the Greater Barcelona Region).  Editorial Gustavo Gili, Barcelona, Spain.  150 pp.

Forman, R. T. T.  2008.  Urban Regions: Ecology and Planning Beyond the City. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New York.  408 pp.  [2014 Chinese edition in preparation].

Forman, R. T.T.  2014.  Urban Ecology: Science of Cities.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New York.  462 pp.

Selected Scholarly Articles

Forman, R. T. T.  1964.  Growth under controlled conditions to explain the hierarchical distributions of a moss, Tetraphis pellucida.  Ecological Monographs 34: 1-25.

Forman, R. T. T.  1975.  Canopy lichens with blue-green algae: a nitrogen source in a Colombian rainforest.  Ecology 56: 1176-1184.

Forman, R. T. T., A. E. Galli, and C. F. Leck.  1976.  Forest size and avian diversity in New Jersey woodlots with some land-use implications.  Oecologia 26: 1-8.

Allen, E. B. and R. T. T. Forman.  1976.  Plant species removals and old-field community structure and stability.  Ecology 57: 1233-1243.

Forman, R. T. T.  1979.  The Pine Barrens of New Jersey: an ecological mosaic.  In Pine Barrens: Ecosystem and Landscape, R. T. T. Forman, ed.  Academic Press, New York.   Pp. 569-585.

Forman, R. T. T. and M. Godron.  1981.  Patches and structural components for a landscape ecology.  BioScience 31: 733-740.

Forman, R. T. T. and R. E. J. Boerner.  1981.  Fire frequency and the Pine Barrens of New Jersey.  Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 108: 34-50.

Risser, P. G., J. R. Karr, and R. T. T. Forman.  1983.  Landscape Ecology: Directions and Approaches.  Illinois Natural History Survey, Special Publication Number 2, Champaign, Illinois.  18 pp.

Forman, R. T. T.  1983.  Corridors in a landscape: their ecological structure and function.  Ekologia (Czechoslovakia CSSR) 2: 375-387.

Forman, R. T. T. and J. Baudry.  1984.  Hedgerows and hedgerow networks in landscape ecology.  Environmental Management 8: 495-510.

Milne, B. T. and R. T. T. Forman.  1986.  Peninsulas in Maine: woody plant diversity, distance, and environmental patterns.  Ecology 67: 967-974.

Franklin, J. F. and R. T. T. Forman.  1987.  Creating landscape patterns by forest cutting: ecological consequences and principles.  Landscape Ecology 1: 5-18.

Hardt, R. A. and R. T. T. Forman.  1989.  Boundary form effects on woody colonization of reclaimed surface mines.  Ecology 70: 1252-1260.

Peterken, G. F., D. Ausherman, M. Buchenau, and R. T. T. Forman.  1992.  Old-growth conservation within British upland conifer plantations.  Forestry 65: 127-144.

Cantwell, M. D. and R. T. T. Forman.  1994.  Landscape graphs: ecological modeling with graph theory to detect configurations common to diverse landscapes.  Landscape Ecology 8: 239-255.

Forman, R. T. T. and S. K. Collinge.  1995.  The “spatial solution” to conserving biodiversity in landscapes and regions.  In Conservation of Faunal Diversity in Forested Landscapes.  R. M. DeGraaf and R. I. Miller, eds.  Chapman & Hall, London.  Pp. 537-568.

Forman, R. T. T. and A. M. Hersperger.  1996.  Road ecology and road density in different landscapes, with international planning and mitigation solutions.  In Trends in Addressing Transportation Related Wildlife Mortality.  G. L. Evink et al., eds.  Publication FL-ER-58-96, Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Florida.  Pp. 1-22.

Forman, R. T. T. and L. E. Alexander.  1998.  Roads and their major ecological effects.  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 207-231.

Collinge, S. K. and R. T. T. Forman.  1998.  A conceptual model of land conversion processes: predictions and evidence from a microlandscape experiment with grassland insects.  Oikos 82: 66-84.

Forman, R. T. T.  2000.  Estimate of the area affected ecologically by the road system in the United States.  Conservation Biology 14: 31-35.

Forman, R. T. T. and R. D. Deblinger.  2000.  The ecological road-effect zone of a Massachusetts (USA) suburban highway.  Conservation Biology 14: 36-46.

Forman, R. T. T., B. Reineking, and A. M. Hersperger.  2002.  Road traffic and nearby grassland bird patterns in a suburbanizing landscape.  Environmental Management 29: 782-800.

Hersperger, A. M. and R. T. T. Forman.  2003.  Adjacency arrangement effects on plant diversity and composition in woodland patches.  Oikos 101: 279-290.

Forman, R. T. T.  2004.  Road ecology’s promise: What’s around the bend?  Environment 46: 8-21.

Forman, R. T. T., P. L. Reeve, H. Beyer, J. Bolduc, J. Ferguson, R. Johnson, A. Lukens, A. Proulx, P. Siebert, B. Stokey, M. Thornton, and K. Edwards.  2004.  Open Space and Recreation Plan 2004: Concord, Massachusetts.  Natural Resources Commission, Concord, Massachusetts.  206 pp.           

Forman, R. T. T.  2008.  The urban region: natural systems in our place, our nourishment, our home range, our future.  Landscape Ecology 23: 251-253.

McDonald, R. I., P. Kareiva, and R. T. T. Forman.  2008.  The implications of current and future urbanization for global protected areas and biodiversity conservation.  Biological Conservation 141: 1695-1703.

McDonald, R. I., R. T. T. Forman, P. Kareiva, R. Neugarten, D. Salzer, and J. Fisher.  2009.  Urban effects, distance, and protected areas in an urbanizing world.  Landscape and Urban Planning 93: 63-75.

Forman, R. T. T.  2010.  Coastal regions: spatial patterns, flows, and a people-nature solution from the lens of landscape ecology.  In La costa obliqua: Un atlante per la Puglia (The Oblique Coast: An Atlas for Puglia).  M. Mininni, ed.  Donzelli editore, Roma, Italy.  Pp. 249-265.

Hurley, S. E. and R. T. T. Forman.  2011.  Stormwater ponds and biofilters for large urban sites: modeled arrangements that achieve the phosphorus reduction target for Boston’s Charles River, USA.  Ecological Engineering 37: 850-863.

Forman, R. T. T. and D. Sperling.  2011.  The future of roads: no driving, no emissions, nature reconnected. Solutions 2: 10-23. (Expanded version,

Forman, R. T. T.  2012.  Infrastructure and nature: reciprocal effects and patterns for our future.  In Infrastructure Sustainability and Design.  S. N. Pollalis, D. L. Schodek, S. J. Ramos, and A. Georgoulias, eds.  Routledge, New York.  Pp. 35-49.

Lydecker, M. and R. T. T. Forman.  2013.  Diverse productive roadsides: ecologically integrating agriculture along our highways.  Oecologia Australis 17: 157-174.

Forman, R. T. T.  2014.  Ecological green corridors: an update on roles and functions for nature and us.  PAISEA  (in press).

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