Environmental Systems 1

This course is the first of a two-module sequence in building technology (6121, 6122) and constitutes part of the core curriculum in architecture. 


– To study selected aspects of the physical environment which directly affect people and their buildings, such as climate, weather, solar radiation and heat gain and loss. 

– To study the means by which environmental factors may be wisely utilized, controlled, and modified as an integral part of the architectural design. 


“Environmental Systems 1” will undertake the study of human needs, comfort, performance, and sense of well-being in relation to the physical environments, both natural and man-made, that occur in and around buildings. Recent environmental problems have been traced to the energy and waste products used or created by buildings. These environmental problems make it imperative that architects be familiar with the systems that affect building energy use. 

Students in this course will become familiar with those elements of a building that contribute to the heat and cooling loads in the building and will be introduced to methods that reduce the energy consumption. Different methods of analysis, evaluation, and simulation will be introduced and used. 


The course will be presented in lecture format on M and W.  The course material consists of a required book and assigned provided readings.  Grades will be based on homework problems, projects and examinations.

Text book:

– Required Book: Vaughn Bradshaw, Building Control Systems, 3nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2006.

– Recommended Reference: Stein, Reynolds, Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings, 12th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2015.


– 50% homework

– 50% Final exam