Modern Housing and Urban Districts: Concepts, Cases and Comparisons
This seminar course will deal with ‘modern housing’ covering a period primarily from 1990 to the present. It will engage with ‘urban districts’ in so far as housing projects under discussion contribute to the making of these districts, or are shaped by the districts in which they are placed. Examples will also be drawn from different cultural contexts with emphasis on Europe, North America and East Asia, although also including examples from Latin America, North Africa and the Middle East. The course will begin with discussion of several broad topics germane to design issues in contemporary housing, including ideas of community and what constitutes a dwelling community from various cultural perspectives; territories and types dealing with underlying urban conditions that play host to contemporary housing; interior and other landscapes that chart the diversity of contemporary living circumstances, as well as notions of flexibility, specialization and polyfunctionality; and expressive and representational issues particularly concerning place specific and inherently situated aspects of existence alongside of dynamic, perennially future-oriented dimensions of living. This broad topical discussion will be followed by case studies, roughly pairing underlying urban conditions and characteristics with architectural projects. Within each case study theme particular contemporary examples will provide the primary focus, although others will be introduced to flesh out necessary historical circumstances and lineages of housing development. These topics will include: urban block shapers, tall towers, housing in urban landscapes, superblock configurations, big buildings and submultiples, infrastructural engagements, infill interventions, indigenous reinterpretations, sustainable housing, and the housing of special populations. Concluding discussion will examine various dimensions across projects and urban conditions in part to identify strengths and weaknesses but also to set contemporary housing aside from that of modern housing in prior eras. Student participation will be by way of attendance, discussion and especially case study presentation and documentation.